The Church of St. Catherine of Siena is a new Catholic sanctuary completed on April 29, 1991 at the current site of Kaohsiung Catholic Church. This is a typical example of Catholic Church buildings with local characteristics constructed after the Second Vatican Council.
The Church of St. Catherine of Siena features two towers with pavilion-type, four-cornered roofs covered with glazed tiles. If it weren't for the crosses installed on the roofs, the church could be mistaken for a local temple. The site layout is even more interesting: functional spaces have been added to both sides of the central church building to form a spatial layout strongly reminiscent of a traditional Chinese family compound. In addition, traditional Chinese practices have been incorporated into the ceremonies of the church. Morning bells and evening drums have been added on both sides of the saint altar. The bells are struck every morning at 8 am, while the drums are only beaten for mass during major catholic festivals; with both stressing the local character of church ceremonies.